**RCPCH have started a review to update this document. Please see RCPCH website for details.**
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the few causes of childhood visual disability which is largely preventable. Many extremely preterm babies will develop some degree of ROP although in the majority this never progresses beyond mild disease which resolves spontaneously without treatment. A small proportion, develop potentially severe ROP which can be detected through retinal screening. If untreated, severe disease can result in serious vision impairment and consequently all babies at risk of sight-threatening ROP should be screened.
This evidence-based guideline for the screening and treatment of ROP was developed by a multidisciplinary guideline development group (GDG) of the Royal College of Paediatrics & Child Health (RCPCH) in collaboration with the Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCOphth), British Association of Perinatal Medicine (BAPM) and the premature baby charity BLISS. The guideline was produced according to RCPCH standards for guideline development.
The guideline provides 25 evidence-based recommendations and 21 good practice points. Recommendations are graded A-D using SIGN grading hierarchy, according to the strength of the evidence underpinning them. The good practice points (GPP) are a consensus of the GDG. This Executive Summary highlights those recommendations and good practice points considered by the GDG to be priorities for implementation.
This guideline has been produced specifically for use within the UK and supersedes the previous guideline. It will not be applicable in countries where more mature babies are at risk of sight threatening ROP.